Facial Trauma Surgery

Facial trauma (maxillofacial) is any trauma to the face. Facial trauma includes facial injuries such as a fracture (nose, cheekbones, or jaws), burns, eye injuries, laceration, or bruises.

Treatment

Breaking of face bones is common is accidents. To cure the same cast is required so that fracture can be healed. But as the cast cannot be applied on the face it has to be done is a different manner.
*Wiring of the jaws.
*Rigid Fixation: Screw & Plate is used to stabilize jaw bone.
These are placed in the side of the jaws to support it while it heals. After a few weeks, some exercise needs to be done to make jaw muscle strong

Teeth Injuries:

If there is a tooth injury you should get to a doctor as soon as possible.

Tooth fracture (minor or major): For major teeth, fracture treatment depends upon patients injury. A root canal is needed to be done if there is a pulp infection. Also, the tooth can be splint by bonding with adjacent teeth for 3 to 4 weeks. If the tooth gets stable & recovered, a filling is placed to restore the fractured tooth. If there is a major fracture in which the above treatment cannot be done then tooth replacement is the option. Regular monitoring & X rays are required so that patient gets appropriate treatment. 

The time required: 2 to 4 weeks (or more)

Chipped Tooth: It is not much painful. Also, the risk of a pulp infection is very low. A dental filling can be done to restore the tooth. 

The time required: 30 to 45 minutes.

Knocked-out teeth: In this event, it is suggested to store the tooth in milk. The doctor can re-implant your tooth with adjacent teeth & splint it for 3 to 4 weeks. Also if the tooth is not available dental implantation can be done. 
The time required: 10 to 15 days. For dental implantation 4 to 5 hours required

Displaced tooth: Splint can be done so that teeth get back into the shape. Brackets or wires can be used for the same. 
The time required: 10 to 15 days.

Post surgery care instructions:

Get proper Rest.
*Follow proper medication
*Increase water intake.
*Use cold compress for swelling (after consulting your doctor).
*Eat soft food.
*Follow oral hygiene. ( If Root Canal Treatment is done)